Substitute the parents name in the sentence youre writing. The rule of thumb is, when you use a word like mom, dad, or aunt, capitalize it only if. When do you capitalize mom and dad and other family names. Answers to writing questions grammar gotham writers. Capitalize mom and dad when these are used as a name. The capitalization rules for titles of books, movies, and other works vary a little between style guides.
You only use disambiguators like my or a with common nouns my dad, but not my dad just like you wouldnt say my john smith. And life of pi is capitalized because its the title of a book but not the word of. Does the phrase middle school need the m and the s capitalized. When to capitalize mom and dad thrilled by the thought. However, if youre not using the term as a proper name, dont capitalize. Capitalize the first word of each line in poetry or verse. If the word is not being used as a name, it is not capitalizedalthough that has nothing to do with the words importance. I went with my mom and dad to visit my aunt and uncle. Do not capitalize them when they follow possessive pronouns possessive pronouns are personal pronouns that show whose something is. Students write these words a lot, so they should be familiar with the capitalization policy for their parents. Mignon is the author of the new york times bestseller grammar girls quick and dirty tips for better writing and six other books on writing.
In other words, capitalize words such as mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, son, daughter, and sis when they are used in place of the persons name. I told mom and dad about my adventures during the first few weeks of my stay in the college dorm, mom and dad actually have taken the place of the proper names of two individuals, who might just as well be named betty and fred or. Capitalize mom and dad when you are calling your parents name but not when you refer to my mom and my dad. The rule of thumb is, when you use a word like mom, dad, or aunt, capitalize it only if the word is being used exactly as you would a name, as if you were addressing the person directly. Feb 10, 2001 what i want to address in this article is the question of when to capitalize such kinship terms as mom, dad, mother, father, grandma, aunt, etc. When a person is using mom and dad like a first name, and the words could be replaced with a first name like jennifer or scott, capitalize. When to capitalize mom and other nicknames and terms of.
So if i understand correctly, mom and dad are capitalized when theyre by. If you want to learn english grammar or grow your vocabulary then these resources will help you with your studies. If the word is not being used as a name, it is not capitalized. A proper noun, on the other hand, names a noun precisely. Aunt edna and mom are being used as a specific persons name, and neither of has have a possessive adjectivepronoun or article before them, so they should be capitalized. Whether you capitalize mom depends on how you are using the. Yesterday, my linda danced in the kitchen while she cooked dinner. The general rule is to capitalize a family name when it is used as a name, and not to capitalize when it is a common noun. I will also examine the different, yet related, issue of when to capitalize words like president, attorney general, lieutenant, professor, etc. In the sentence my grandma says hi should grandma be. If you clicked on this article hoping for advice on capitalizing on mom and dad, then you need to have both your glasses and your moral compass checked. Whenever they are preceded by my they should not be capitalized. He likes playing bingo with father dad, pop, papa, etc. Me and my bf got into a discussion about my writing style and the psychological implications.
When should you capitalize mom and dad in a sentence. If you can use the actual name, then capitalize mom or dad. What i want to address in this article is the question of when to capitalize. Do not capitalize a kinship name when it is not part of the personal name but is a word describing the personal name. Apr 03, 20 failing to capitalize mom or dad when it is appropriate is a common mistake. Blue book grammar capitalization flashcards quizlet.
February 11, 2017 by marcy kennedy grammar and punctuation, writing tags. Nov 11, 2003 capitalize names of relationships only when they are a part of or a substitute for a persons name. To mohammed saiful alam siddique, common nouns are not capitalized in english unless they are part of a title of a book movieplay or they are the first word in a sentence. In other words, capitalize words such as mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, son, daughter, and sis when they. Dad is a specific reference when you say it you mean somebody different from when i say it, so it gets capitalized like any proper noun. Mignon fogarty is the founder of quick and dirty tips and the author of seven books on language, including the new york times bestseller grammar girl s quick and dirty tips for better writing. The grammar girl podcast has also won best education podcast multiple times in the podcast awards, and mignon is an inductee in the podcasting hall of fame. May 10, 2018 when mom is descriptive, its lowercase. If you capitalize mom and it sounds weird like my angie walked down the street, it sounds weird so you dont capitalize it. If the common noun is used as a substitute for the persons name.
Family titles, such as mom and dad, fit into this category. Shes going to have a talk with mother mom, mama, momma, etc. In this case, papa would be capitalize because the speaker is speaking to hisher father, but dad isnt, because bernices dad isnt being used as a proper noun. However, if theres no personal pronoun, and youre using the word as though its a first name, then do capitalize it. Fischer, abigail, carlos, johnson, the rubin family, the joneses dont capitalize. Learn test 1 grammar rules capitalization with free interactive flashcards. Im elizabeth obrien, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar.
From the book painless grammar by rebecca, phd capitalize mom and dad when you are calling your parents name but not when you refer to my mom and my dad. I told mom and dad about my adventures during the first few weeks of my stay in the college dorm, mom and dad actually have taken the place of the proper names of two individuals, who might just as well be named betty and fred or any other duo. One easy way to tell if a word is a proper noun is to substitute the word for a persons name. Short prepositions and articles including the, a, or an are not capitalized unless they are the first word. I told her she forgot to capitalize mum and dad in love, mum and dad. My father calls all of his daughters daughter sometimes, when he cant keep our names. The answer is that when the word is a proper noun, you need to use a capital letter. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. So when do you capitalize mom and dad, or mum and dad. Whether youre thinking about pursuing a career in dentistry or you just have a curiosity as the patient in the chair, getting a grasp on the lingo can come in handy. When should you capitalize words like mom or dad that show family relationships. Ilmar the woman i call grandmaor should it be grandma. Use these capitalization rules to rule the world of capitalization. Its an honor that must be warranted, and in writing, capitalization is reserved only for special words.
Capitalize words such as mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, son, daughter, and sis when they are used in place of the persons name. I focused on the nittygritty here, and ive only given you six main rules and a few subrules to remember. The words mom and dad may be capitalized in some situations. I am in the process of writing a book with series to follow behind or trilogy. That does not mean that you cant capitalize the words when writing a card, note, or email to your own mom and dad.
You cant use me because you need a subject pronoun, i. In this video from the grammar dictionary, morgan goes over capitalization and how it works when you want to use a word like mom or doctor. Yesterday, my mom danced in the kitchen while she cooked dinner. I did think that i learned in school that if you are calling your father, dad, then it gets the same treatment as a name, hence you capitalize the d. She is an inductee in the podcasting hall of fame, and the show is a fivetime winner of best education podcast in the podcast awards. When to capitalize peoples titles grammar and punctuation. Family titles mom or mum, dad, mother, and father are always capitalized when theyre used like names. Popular just publishing advice for writers and authors. Its amazing how mom and dad survived the war as kids.
Includes helpful articles, a glossary, quizzes, and a large language reference. Try substituting a name well use spock for the title in question. Lets start with those family terms, including mom, dad, aunt, and grandmother. Apr 17, 2008 yes, they should be capitalized because youre using the words in place of their names. Same story with your dad, uncles, aunties but not brothers, sisters or cousins. One only capitalizes those two words if they are being used as substitutes for proper names or are part of proper names. Capitalize the names of family relations when they are used as substitutes for names. When youre referring to a specific person, you may be using the proper noun form. When do you capitalize mom, dad, grandma, or grandpa in a. A good tip is to look if there is a pronoun or article e. On capitalizing mom and dad and greataunt betty by tina blue. The word capital is a common noun, so here are two ways to write it. Luckily, theres a really easy trick to remember when to capitalize these words. On the other hand, dad is a common noun meaning father anybodys.
When its used in place of a name, like a nickname, its capitalized. I capitalize mom and dad, as well as any variation of the words. Answers to writing questions grammar gotham writers workshop. Hello, when should the words, mother, and father be capitalized. Jan 09, 2017 capitalise only if youre using it as a kind of name for your mom. Capitalize mom and dad as a proper noun when youre referring to a specific person, you may be using the proper noun form. If you remember the saturday morning cartoon schoolhouse rock. Oct 14, 2010 its puzzling because all those hallmark birthday cards when speaking to dad capitalize dad.
Lesson 23 such as my, your, his, her, our, or your. Capitalize the term when using it as a proper name. A wonderful grammar book is eats, shoots and leaves by lynne truss. That means you should lowercase articles, conjunctions, and prepositionshowever, some style guides say to capitalize conjunctions and prepositions that are longer than five letters.
When to capitalize mother and father creative writing. Capitalize the first, last, and all important words in the titles of books, movies, and songs. Choose from 500 different sets of test 1 grammar rules capitalization flashcards on quizlet. In titles, capitalize the first, last, and all important words. This is capitalized because it starts a new sentence, and thursday is capitalized because its a day of the week. The cutoff dates are fuzzy and you capitalize some the greatest generation, generation x, and generation z and you keep others lowercase baby boomers and millennials. When your mom or dad s name could be substituted, capitalize mom or mother or dad or father. Todays topic is capitalizing tricky nouns like ground zero, internet, and earth. Do not capitalize them when they follow possessive pronouns such as her, his, my, our, your. However, if you use the word grandma as if it were a name, or in place of the name of the person, it should be capitalized. Grammar girl find out when to capitalize generation. You would not capitalize if you said my mom, my dad, my grandma, and i are going to florida.
I asked mom alice for advice about matters i would never mention to dad clarence. In most grammar books, youll find pages and pages of capitalization rules. Scribes writing with the early roman alphabet didnt have to choose between uppercase and lowercase letters because there were no lowerc. You do not need to capitalize the word grandma in the sentence my grandma says hi because it is being used to describe the person you are talking about, not as a replacement for her name. Mignon fogarty is the founder of quick and dirty tips and the author of seven books on language, including the new york times bestseller grammar girls quick and dirty tips for better writing. Despite the spelling difference, the punctuation rules defining when to capitalize the words are the same. I just had a discussion with my wife regarding a birthday notice in the newspaper. On the phone mom wait turning to your friend im talking to my mom.
I hollered for dad to come help me with my homework. When youre trying to decide whether to capitalize a noun, you have to figure out whether its a proper noun or a common noun because proper nouns are capitalized and common nouns arent. But if bernice were saying, my mom and dad wanted you to have this. What i mean here is when to capitalize mom or dad, military ranks, honorifics, job titles, and so on. Today, were going to talk about when to capitalize titles. I want to know if im just an idiot of grammar or is it really all based in psychology. You should also capitalize when the term comes before a given name. I am very grateful to my mom and dad for the opportunities they gave me.
Generally, the capitalized form is used by a son or a daughter to refer to their own mother or father. I was a little girl i have wanted to be an astronaut. In general, you should capitalize the first word, all nouns, all verbs even short ones, like is, all adjectives, and all proper nouns. When to capitalize mom and dad chicago proofreader. If it is used as a proper name it is capitalized, as would be any other proper name joe, martha, danny, mark, leslie, mother, mom, dad. Often this means that when there is a modifier, such as a possessive pronoun, in front of such a word, we do not capitalize it.
I always consulted my mom on matters of the heart, whereas my dad was the best. Proper capitalization is one of the cornerstones of good grammar, yet many people fling capital letters around carelessly. I know the rule you speak of, and the preceding sentences should be capitalized the noun could be substituted for a name, but it just looks better not capitalized. The term poor little is not considered to be a kinship name. For my british and australian readers, yes, the title of this article could also read, mum and dad. Grammar usage words and phrases idioms interesting words loanwords. Grammar girl s quick and dirty tips for better writing is a very modern book, discussing rules for email and twitter, how to punctuate urls, and the proper way cite websites in news articles or papers. When to capitalize mom and dad chicago proofreader and. Whether you capitalize mom depends on how you are using the word. Also, used in such terms as mom s room, dad s golf clubs, etc. When do you capitalize mom and dad and other family titles. You also capitalize the names of god and holy books, but like the relative rule, you dont capitalize nonspecific references.
Nov 18, 2015 if you can use the actual name, then capitalize mom or dad. When to capitalize generation names generations are tricky. Kinship names are terms such as mother, father, mom, dad, aunt, uncle, grandmother, grandfather, etc. Are the words mom and dad supposed to be capitalized in an. A good rule to follow is to capitalize them if they are used as proper nouns.
Is paternal capitalization based more on grammar or. Updated february 29, 2020 derek haines 1028 views 2 comments for my british and australian readers, yes, the title of this article could also read, mum and dad. If an article or pronoun is there, dont capitalize e. Youll notice that month isnt capitalized because its not naming a specific month. Capitalization is required for proper nouns, such as names, but sometimes words can be. Quickly learn the grammar rules about family titles. For example, when writing i love you, mom, you would capitalize mom because mom is used as a name. This usually occurs when the kinship name is preceded by articles such as the, a, or an. In this case, you would capitalize the words mom and dad.
Based on the frequency with which i encounter these capitalization mistakes while proofreading scripts, there seems to be a lot of confusion surrounding this question. Also, fogarty is okay with using their as a singular pronoun instead of his or her. You should capitalize these when referring to your own relatives. You should only capitalize mom and dad when they are used as a name. Grammarly can save you from misspellings, grammatical and punctuation mistakes. A persons mom and dad are probably the most important figures in his. Name based capitalization circle all the letters that should be capitalized. Dad has the word my before it, so it should start with a lowercase letter.614 781 752 1514 736 408 1320 36 1128 40 261 1535 758 55 1117 550 660 1368 1554 829 880 1565 1568 1355 1089 1467 54 1285 251 1119 966 597 1126 998 562