Three outsize britons presided over bps birth in 1909. William knox d arcy october 11, 1849 may 1, 1917 was one of the principal founders of the oil and petrochemical industry in persia. The first middle eastern oil concession was granted by the qajar government of persia to william knox d arcy in 1901. Before the first oil gushed out of irans oil well no. The darcy concession, aiocs domination in iran the abadan. The qajar kings had signed a humiliating and longterm contract with the british. Born in devonshire, england in 1849 and later emigrating with his family to rockhampton, queensland, in 1866, william knox darcy solicitor, was an influential entrepreneur and businessman who made his fortune in the mount morgan goldfield in queensland. Join facebook to connect with william knox and others you may know. William knoxdarcy turtle bunbury awardwinning travel writer. Australian gold and persian oil carnegie, margaret on. Page 187 i finally saw that the blood, forced by the action of the left ventricle into the arteries, was distributed to the body at large, and its several parts, in the same manner as it is sent through the lungs, impelled by the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery, and that it then passed through the veins and along the vena cava, and so round to the left ventricle in the manner. Upon completing his articles in 1872 darcy was admitted as a solicitor and in 1882 joined a syndicate to develop leases owned by the morgan brothers at mount morgan.
William knox darcy this day in history 5nov1925 sidney reilly, alleged superspy and inspiration for ian flemings james bond stories, is executed by soviet born the illegitimate son of a jewish doctor in odessa, sigmund rosenblum studied chemistry in vienna before going to brazil. British petroleum formerly anglopersian oil company was born out of cooperation between kitabgi and william knox d arcy. Key dates 1901 on 28 may, william knox darcy is granted a 60year concession to search for oil and gas across most of persia. William knox darcy british entrepreneur britannica. William knox darcy, the founder of bp, standing with his wife in their edwardian english home. Ida tarbells history of standard oil company serialized in mcclures.
General antoine kitabgi khan was a persian general of georgian descent and the directorgeneral of persian customs. The following has by these presents been agreed on and arrangedviz article 1. During this exploration for oil, darcy and his team encountered financial troubles and struggled to find sellable amounts of oil. Biography william knox darcy australian dictionary of. Antoine kitabgi armenian or georgian origin, who at one time was director general of the customs service in the persian government, had a mission to sell european investors on persias oil potential. Jun 30, 2010 its roots lie in the early years of the twentieth century when a wealthy bon vivant named william knox d arcy decided, with encouragement from the british government, to begin looking for oil in iran. Agreement of 28th may, 1901 the darcy concession between, the government of his imperial majesty the shah of persia ad william knox darcy now held by.
Professor geoffrey blainey discusses the life and work of william knox darcy. William knox darcy acquires a concession in persia. Born 11 october 1849 in newton abbot, devon died 1 may 1917 in stanmore middlesex. Britains major plunder of iranian oil in 1903 khamenei. William d arcy was born in 1485, at birth place, to william darcy and isabel darcy born plunket.
William knox darcy was one of the principal founders of the oil and. Arcy, the son of an irish solicitor and a millionaire london socialite was the real founder of the aioc1. On may 28, 1901, william knox darcy obtained an exclusive petroleum concession for a period of sixty years covering all of persia except the five northern. William knox darcy project gutenberg selfpublishing. See turtles article on knox darcy, published in the irish daily mail.
He entered the oil industry in 1901 by obtaining an oil concession in iran. William knox darcy used oil discovery in south iran as a means of. William knox darcy william knox d arcy william knox darcy 11. During this exploration for oil, d arcy and his team encountered financial troubles and struggled to find. Concession to explore, obtain, and market oil, natural gas, asphalt, and ozocerite was given to him and the concession known as darcy concession in iran. William knox darcy was one of the principal founders of the. William knox darcy, english businessman who was the principal founder of the iranian oil industry. During this exploration for oil, d arcy and his team encountered. The d arcy oil concession between the government of his imperial majesty the shah of persia, of the one part, and william knox d arcy, of independent means, residing in london at no. Darcy concession wikimili, the best wikipedia reader. The oil concession gave darcy the exclusive rights to prospect for oil in persia now iran. The oil concession gave darcy the exclusive rights to prospect for oil in persia what is now mostly present day iran. William knox darcy 11 october 1849 1 may 1917 was one of the principal founders of the oil and petrochemical industry in persia iran. Back in england, william darcy was close to despair.
William knox darcy british government came into possession of %51 of the shares of apoc and thus became directly involved in the oil concession5. Concession to explore, obtain, and market oil, natural gas, asphalt, and ozokerite was given to him and the concession known as the darcy concession in iran. One for us, six for britons william knox darcy in history. William knox darcy by margaret carnegie, 1992, kildrummie press edition, in english. At a glance bp plc 1 st jamess square street london, greater london, united. As a youth darcy emigrated with his father to queensland, australia, where between 1882 and 1889 he made a fortune in the mount morgan goldfield.
Media in category william knox darcy the following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. After retiring as director general of the persian customs, general kitabgi moved to paris, where he led a lavish and playboy lifestyle. It is not yet known exactly how william francis darcy was connected to the main. William knox darcy was born in devonshire england in 1849 and, with his family, in 1866 migrated to australia where his father set up practice as a solicitor in rockhampton. William knox darcy was one of the principal founders of. Australian gold and persian oil by margaret carnegie book. It became the prototype for subsequent oil concessions in the region. Agreement of 28th may, 1901 the darcy concession between, the.
Stanmore, middlesex, england, 1 may 1917, petroleum entrepreneur and founder of the oil industry in persia and the middle east. Pride and prejudice by jane austen, darcys voyage by kara louise, impulse and initiative by abigail reynolds, pride and preju. One for us, six for britons william knox darcy in history of iran. The company was founded by william knox d arcy on april 14, 1909 and is headquartered in london, the united kingdom. The darcy concession, aiocs domination in iran the abadan times. The oil concession gave d arcy the exclusive rights to prospect for oil in persia now iran. The darcy concession was a petroleum oil concession that was signed in 1901 between william knox darcy and mozzafar aldin, shah of persia. Stanmore, middlesex, england, 1 may 1917, petroleum entrepreneur. Reilly, ace of spies is a 1983 television miniseries dramatizing the life of sidney reilly, a russian jew who became one of the greatest spies ever to work for the british. William knox darcy should be a household name, but is widely unheard of outside of the petrochemical industry.
William knox darcy 18491917, mining entrepreneur, was born on 11 october 1849 at highweek, newton abbot, devon, england, son of william francis darcy, solicitor, and his wife elizabeth baker, nee bradford. Jun 16, 2010 the history of crudeoil exploration and production in the middle east began with william knox darcy 18491917, a british subject living in australia who became very rich very quicklytwice. William knox darcy wikimili, the free encyclopedia. Margaret was born in 1486, in howth castle, dublin, dublin, ireland. William knox darcy 18491917, mining entrepreneur, was born on 11 october 1849 at highweek, newton abbot, devon, england, son of william francis darcy, solicitor, and his wife elizabeth baker, nee. Newton abbot, devonshire, england, 11 october 1849, d. May 25, 2016 before the first oil gushed out of irans oil well no.
William d arcy historical records and family trees. William knox darcy 11 october 1849 1 may 1917 was one of the principal founders of the oil and petrochemical industry in persia. Among his exploits, in the early 20th century, were the infiltration of the german general staff in 1917 and a nearoverthrow of the bolsheviks in 1918. Apr 27, 2020 william knox darcy, english businessman who was the principal founder of the iranian oil industry. William knox d arcy 18491917, english born entrepreneur, after success in gold mining in australia, he became a founder of the oil and petrochemical industry in persia iran another 10 notables are available in all our pdf extended history products and printed products wherever possible.
As oil was a better fuel than coal6 for the british fleet, and as it was gained through plundering of iranian resources ended up to be cheaper for the british navy. William knox darcy queensland business leaders hall of. The d arcy concession was a petroleum oil concession that was signed in 1901 between william knox d arcy and mozzafar aldin, shah of persia. But britain has always been committed in falsifying its books for calculation of the iranian share of the profits3. The only son of an irish solicitor, darcy received his early education at westminster school, london. Darcy, william knox 18491917 people and organisations. Jun 17, 2010 three outsize britons presided over bps birth in 1909. The six original tapestries illustrate the story of the grail quest as told in sir thomas malorys 1485 book le morte darthur. William knox d arcy and 18th and 19th century persian dynasty. William knox darcy, the founder of bp, with his wife in their. The darcy concession was a petroleum oil concession that was signed in 1901 between william knox darcy and shah mozzafar aldin of persia. He was the only son of an irish solicitor, and in 1865 his life was literally turned upside down, when his fathers law firm went bankrupt. World heritage encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the.828 1509 1187 969 421 927 531 1459 989 1437 1351 1566 743 594 1515 146 294 540 1582 1229 1606 1070 453 1393 111 1030 749 399 1414